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76- Surat Alinsan

31 Verses  Maddani (revealed in Madinah)


A'auzu Bellahi mena ash-shytani ar-rajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Ar-rhmani Ar-rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


Hal ata ala alinsani henuon mena aldahri lam yakun shay'an mazkora (1).
Has come upon man a period of time when he was not a thing, mentioned?.

Inna khalaqna alinsana men nutfatin amshajin nabtalehi fa-ja'lnahuo sameean basira (2)
Indeed, We have created man from a sperm-drop, a mixture, that We test him then We made him hearing and seeing.

Inna hadaynahuo alsabeela imma shakeran wa imma kafuora (3).
Indeed, We guided him to the way, whether be grateful or ungrateful.

Inna a'atadna le-lkafereena slasila wa aghlalan wa sa'era (4).
Indeed, We have prepared for the disbelievers chains, and shackles and a blazing fire.

Inna alabrara yashrabuona men ka'sin kana mezajuoha kafuora (5).
Indeed, the righteous will drink from a cup whose mixture is of camphor.

Aynan yashrabuo beha ebaduo Allahi youfajjerunaha tafjera (6).
A spring from which Allah's servants will drink, making it to flow, abundantly.

Youfuna be-alnazri wa yakhafuona yawman kana sharrahuo mustateera (7).
They fulfill the vows, and fear a day whose evil is widespread.

Wa youtemuona alta'ama ala hubehi meskeenan wa yateeman wa aseera (8).
And they feed the food despite the love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive.

Inamma nutemukum le-wajhi Ellahi la nureduo menkum jaza'an wa la shukuora (9).
We feed you only for the countenance of Allah, we do not want from you any reward or thanks.

Inna nakhafuo men Rabbena yawman abuosan qamtareera (10).
Indeed, we fear from Our Lord a day, frowning, and distressful.

Fa waqahumuo Allahu sharra zaleka alyawmi wa laqqahum nadratan wa suruora (11).
So Allah will save them from the evil of that day, and will grant them radiance and happiness.

Wa jazahum bema ssabaruo jannatan wa hareera (12).
And will reward them for their patience, a garden and silk.

Muttake'ena feeha ala alaraeki la yarawna feeha shamsan wa la zamhareera (13).
Reclining therein on the couches, they will not see therein sun or intense cold.

Wa daniyatan alayhem zelaluha wa zullelat qutufuha tazleela (14).
And near above them its shades, and its fruit will be picked, and be in compliance.

Wa youtafuo alayhim be-aniyatin men feddatin wa akwabin kanat qwareera (15).
And will be circulated among them vessels of silver and cups that are of crystal.

Qawareera men feddatin qaddaruoha taqdeera (16).
Clear crystal of silver, they have determined the measure.

Wa yousqawna feeha ka'san kana mezajuha zanjabeela (17)
And they will be watered therein from a cup whose mixture is of ginger.

Aynan feeha tuosamma Salsabeela (18).
A spring therein called Salsabeel.

Wa yatufuo alayhim weldanun mukhalladuona iza ra'iytahum hasebtahum lu'luan manthuora (19).
And will circulate among them young boys, immortals, when you see them, you would think them scattered pearls. 

Wa iza ra'ayta thamma ra'ayta na'eeman wa mulkan kabeera (20).
And when you look, then you will see bliss and a great kingdom.

Aliyahum thiyabun sundusin khudrun wa estabraqun wa hulluo asawera men feddatin wa saqahum Rabbuhum sharaban tahura (21).
Upon them will be garments of fine green silk, and of brocade, and they will be adorned by bracelets of silver, and their Lord shall give them to drink a purifying drink.

Inna haza kana lakum jaza'an wa kana sa'yukum mashkoura (22).
Indeed, this is a reward for you, and your effort has been appreciated.

Inna nahnuo nzazzalna alaiyka alqurana tanzeela (23).
Indeed, We revealed to you the Quran, progressively.

Fa-ssber le-hukmi Rabbika wa la tuote' menhum atheman aw kafura (24)
So be patient for the judgment of your Lord, and do not obey from them a sinner or disbeliever. 

Wa-zkuri esma Rabbika bukrattan wa assila (25).
And mention the name of your Lord morning and evening.

Wa mena al-layli fa-sjud lahu wa sabbehhu laiylan taweela (26).
And of the night prostrate to Him, and glorify Him a long night.

Inna haa'olae youhebbuna alajelata wa yazaruona wra'ahum yawman thaqeela (27).
Indeed, these love the immediate and leave behind them a heavy day. 

Nahnuo khalaqnahum wa shadadna asrahum wa iza she'na baddalna amthalahum tabbdeela (28).
We have created them, and strengthened their make, and whenever We will, We replace their likenesses, total replacement.

Inna hazehi tazkeratun fa man sha'a ettakhaza ella Rabbehi sabeela (29)
Indeed, this is a reminder, so whoever wills may takes a way to his Lord.

Wa-ma tasha'uona ella an yasha'a Allahu inna Allaha kana aleeman hakeema (30)
And you do not wills unless Allah wills, indeed, Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.

Youdkheluo man yasha'uo fee rahmatehi wa alzalemeena a'adda lahum azaban aleema (31).
He admits whom He wills into His mercy, and the wrongdoers, He prepared for them a painful punishment.


Simplified interpretation: 



 Surat Alinsan begins with a question whose aim to acknowledge the fact that Allah began the creation of man, and He perfected his creation in order to put him in a test, so Allah shows him the path of guidance and the path of misguidance. And it revolves largely around those who follow the path of guidance and the bliss they will find in Paradise as a reward for what they used to do, and Allah confirms that the disbelievers will be awaited by a painful torment for they preferred the worldly life and followed the path of misguidance, then Allah addresses His Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emphasizing that the Holy Quran is from Allah, and commands Him not to obey the disbelievers, and to strive hard in worshipping Him. 


 Allah says in the first three verses "Has come upon man a period of time when he was not a thing, mentioned?, indeed, We have created man from a sperm-drop, a mixture, that We test him then We made him hearing and seeing, indeed, We guided him to the way, whether be grateful or ungrateful", where this Surah begins with an affirmation of Allah's creation of man, where He began the creation of Adam as mentioned in Surat Albaqarah Ayat (30-34) after the creation of the Angels and the Jinn, and He created Adam from clay then He made his progeny from a sperm drop whose mixture coming out from between the backbone of a man and a ribs of a woman as mentioned in Surat Altariq, and Allah put man in a test, and He made for him hearing and sight, and He guided him to the way, whether be grateful or ungrateful to his Lord, and This is similar to what came in Surat Albalad Ayat (8-11) for Allah mentioned His favors upon man along with His guidance of man to the way, and says "Did not We make for him two eyes?, and a tongue, and two lips, and guided him to the two ways".


 Then Allah threatens the disbelievers in Aya (4) with the torment He has prepared for them "Indeed, We have prepared for the disbelievers chains, and shackles and a blazing fire", where as mentioned in Surat Ghafir Ayat (71,72) the shackles will be round their neck and chains, they will be dragged into the hot water after which they will be thrown in the fire as a fuel.


 But as for the righteous, Allah says in the next two verses (5,6) "Indeed, the righteous will drink from a cup whose mixture is of camphor, a spring from which Allah's servants will drink, making it to flow, abundantly", and this reflects the cooling and the good smell of the drink which increases its deliciousness, and that drink comes out of a spring from which the righteous drink, and they direct it wherever they want. 


 And Allah enumerated what the righteous are accustomed to doing in the worldly life in the next two verses (7,8), where they fulfill the vows, and not fulfilling the vows is a great sin as Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) described a people who would come after Him as "who will make vows but will not fulfill them". Although Our Prophet said that the vow neither hastens nor delays anything, But He said in narration of Aisha "whoever vows that he will be obedient to Allah, should remain obedient to Him, and whoever made a vow that He will disobey Allah, should not disobey Him". Then Allah says that the righteous fears a day whose evil is widespread across the heavens and the earth, and they feed the food despite the love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, that is, they feed the food despite their need, and its scarcity to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, and Allah urged to feed the food to the orphan and the needy in Surat AlfajrSurat Albalad, and Surat Alma'uon.


 The righteous as mentioned in the next two verses (9,10) feed the food only for the countenance of Allah, and they do not want from them any reward or thanks, because they are waiting the reward from their Lord in the hereafter, and they are afraid from the horrors of the day of resurrection, which is a day when faces will be sullen and frowned, and it is a distressful day. So Allah will save them from the evil of that day, and will grant them radiance and happiness Aya (11).


 And Allah enumerated the bliss that they will find with Him as a reward for their patience in obeying Him, and for the calamities they have endured in the worldly life in Ayat (12-22), where they will find a garden, and they will wear silk clothes, and Our Prophet Muhammad said in narration of Bin Malik "Whoever wears silk in this world shall not wear it in the hereafter", and they will recline therein on the couches, and they will not see therein an annoying heat and no painful cold, and the shades of fruit will be near above them, and whenever they wants, the fruits come in compliance close to them, and this is similar to Aya (23) of Surat Alhaqqah "Its clusters of fruit, hanging near". Also will be circulated among them vessels of silver and cups that are of crystal, and it is a Clear crystal of silver, they have determined the measure as much as they drink, neither more nor less than it. And they will have another drink than what was mentioned in the fifth verse where they will be watered therein from a cup whose mixture is of ginger, and that drink comes out of a spring therein called Salsabeel. And they are served by young boys who are immortalized on one stage and their ages does not exceed that stage and they do not change,  and when you see them, you would think of their beauty and abundance as if they were scattered pearls. And when you look, then you will see bliss and a great kingdom that Allah has prepared for His righteous servants. They will wear garments of fine green silk (Sundus), and of thick silk (Istabraq), and they will be adorned by bracelets of silver, and their Lord shall give them to drink a purifying drink to purify their interior from envy, hatred, malice, harm, and all other bad manners, and all that bliss is a reward for them, and their effort has been appreciated, where Allah accepts their deeds, and reward them according to the best of what they used to do as mentioned in Surat Alnahl Aya (97).
  

 Then Allah addresses His messenger in the next four verses (23-26) and says" Indeed, We revealed to you the Quran, progressively, so be patient for the judgment of your Lord, and do not obey from them a sinner or disbeliever, and mention the name of your Lord morning and evening, and of the night prostrate to Him, and glorify Him a long night", where Allah honored Him by the revelation of the Holy Quran and it came down at intervals, so Allah commanded Him to be patient for His Judgment, and for the task of conveying the message, and commanded Him not to obey the disbelievers, and to strive hard in the worship of Allah by mentioning the name of Allah morning and evening, and by performing the night prayer, and to glorify Allah a long night. 


 And Allah describes the infidels in the next verse (27), where they preferred and loved the immediate which is the worldly life, and leave behind them a heavy day which the day of resurrection by abandoning the worship of Allah and disobeying Him even though it is as mentioned in Aya (28) He has created them, and strengthened their make, and whenever He will, He replace their likenesses, total replacement, and this similar to Aya (19) of Surat Ibrahim where Allah says "If He wills, He can do away with you and produce a new creation".


 So Allah says in the last three verses (29-31) that this Surah is a reminder, so whoever wills may takes a way to his Lord by doing what He commanded and avoiding what He forbade, And you do not wills unless Allah wills, indeed, Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise, where the guidance is related to the will of Allah and this is similar to the last verse of Surat Altakwir, therefore Allah admits whom He wills into His mercy and then enters him to Paradise, and He prepared for the wrongdoers a painful punishment in the Hellfire.
  

No one Knows its interpretation except Allah


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