86- Surat Altariq

17 Verses Meccan (revealed in Mecca)

A'auzu Bellahi mena ash-shytani ar-rajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Ar-rhmani Ar-rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Wa alsama'e wa altariq (1).
By the sky and altariq.

Wa ma adraka ma altariq (2).
And what will make you know what Altariq is?.

Alnajmuo althaqeb (3).
It is the shining star.

In kuluo nafsen lama alayha hafiz (4).
Every soul has a keeper over it.

Fal yanzuri alinsanuo mima khuleq (5).
So let man see from what he was created.

Khuliqa men ma'in dafiq (6)
He was created from an ejected water.

Yakhrujuo men bayini alssulbi wa altra'eb (7).
Coming out from between the backbone and the ribs.

Innahuo ala raj-ihi la-qader (8).
verily, He is Able to bring him back.

Yawma tubla alsara'ir (9).
That day, the secrets will be exposed.

Fama lahuo men quwatin wala nasir (10).
Then he has neither power nor helper.

.Wa alsama'e zati alraj'' (11)
.And by the sky which returns

.Wa alardi zati alssad'' (12)
.And by the earth with cracks

.Innahuo la-qawlun fasl (13)
.Verily, it is a decisive saying

.Wama huwa bel-hazl (14)
.And it is not a joking

.Innahum yakeduona kayda (15)
Verily, they planing a plan.

.Wa akiduo kayda (16)
.But I am planing a plan

.Fa mahili alkafirina amhilhum ruwayida (17)
.Then give time limit to the disbelievers, give them a little time limit

Simplified interpretation:

 Surat Altariq comes to refute a false belief among the infidels related to the denial of the resurrection and the day of judgment, where Allah, Almighty begins it with a great oath to assure man that his deeds will be counted on the day of resurrection, and Allah invites man to think about how he was created, Then Allah confirms His ability to bring him back to life on that day, and He commanded His Messenger in the last verse to leave the disbelievers for a while for they will know that what they denies will be a true.

 In the first verse Allah swears by the sky and Altariq, then he says "And what will make you know what Altariq is?, to demonstrate the greatness of what he swears by, and then says in the third verse that Altariq is the shining star that appears in the sky at night and disappears during the day, and when Allah swore by the places of the stars in the sky, He described it as a great oath where He says in Surat Alwaqi'ah Ayat (75,76): "So, I swear by the setting places of the stars, and indeed, it is a great oath, if you could know".

 So the great oath in the current Surah comes to confirm the preservation of man's deeds where Allah says "Every soul has a keeper over it" Aya (4), that is, there are the angels who memorizes deeds, livelihood, and age of man in his book which he will read on the day of resurrection, where Allah described these angels in Surat Alinfitar Ayat (10,11) by saying "Verily, over you there are keepers, noble, are recording", and it will be said to man on the day of resurrection as Allah has stated in Surat Alesra'a Aya (14): "Read your record, sufficient is yourself against you this day as accountant".

 Then Allah calls the one who denies the resurrection after death, and denies Allah's Ability to revive him again in the next three verses (5-7) to see from what he was created, and to show him the weakness of his origin form which he was created therefrom, where Allah as he has stated in Surat Alsajdah Ayat (7,8) that He began the creation of man from clay (Adam Peace Be Upon Him), then he made his posterity out of the extract of disdained water, which is described in the current Surah as an ejected water, coming out from between the backbone of a man and the ribs of a woman.

 So Allah has created man, and then He will repeat him and this is easier for Allah, where He says "verily, He is Able to bring him back on the day of resurrection, where all secrets will be exposed, that is, he will find everything he presented written by the angels who are mentioned in the fourth verse, and these two verses (8,9) are similar to the seventh verse of Surat Altaghabun where Allah says to His Messenger: "Those who disbelieve have claimed that they will never be resurrected, Say, yes by My Lord, you will surely be resurrected; then you will surely be informed of what you did, and that for Allah is easy".

 And that day he has neither power nor helper Aya (10), that is, the disbeliever will not find his clan to protect him, nor an ally to save him from Allah's torment, and then, as Allah has told us in Surat Almu'minuon Ayat (99,100) he will ask Allah to send him back to this world so that he might do righteousness in that which he left behind and he can rectify whatever wrongs he committed during his life.

 Then Allah swore by the sky which returns, and by the earth with cracks Ayat (11,12) to show us a clear example of how to revive the dead, and this evidence comes from Aya (39) of Surat Fussilat where Allah says: "And of his signs is that you see the earth stilled, but when We send down upon it rain, it quivers and grows, indeed, He who has given it life is the Giver of life to dead, indeed, His over all things competent". So the sky returns the water that it took during the evaporation process to the dead earth and then comes back to life after its death.

 This example may be one of the scenes on the day of resurrection, where rain plays a main role in bringing man back to life again, where Our prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in narration of Abu Hurayrah: "Between the two sounds of trumpet, there will be forty, then (after this period) Allah will send water from the sky, and then the dead bodies will grow like vegetation grows, there is nothing of the human body that does not decay except one bone, that is , the little bone at the end of the coccyx of which the human body will be created on the day of resurrection". 

 Hence Allah says "Verily, it is a decisive saying, and it is not a joking" Ayat (13,14), that is, bringing man to life again and rewarding him for what he did in this worldly life is a truth saying and can not be a falsehood.

 And Allah says that the disbelievers planing a plan, and they plot people by calling them to be away from the way of Allah, but Allah has His own plan Ayat (15,16), and He told us many times in the Holy Quran (e.g. Surat Aliemran 178, Luqman 24, and Ibrahim 30) that he let them enjoy for a while, and he postpone the punishment only so that they may increase in sinfulness, then in the end He shall oblige them to enter a great torment. So He commanded Our Prophet Muhammad in the last verse to give time limit to the disbelievers, a little time limit, for their punishment is going to befall upon them, He only has to not rush their torment for it will inevitably happen as Allah commanded him in Surat Mariam Aya (84) and says "so be not impatient over them, We only count out to them a limited number". 

No one Knows its interpretation except Allah

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