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56- Surat Alwaqi'ah

96 Verses Meccan (revealed in Mecca)


A'auzu Bellahi mena alshytani alrajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Alrhmani Alrahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


 

Iza waqa'ati Alwaqi'ah (1).
When Alwaqi'ah occurs.

Laiytha lewaq'ateha kazebah (2).
There is no denial for its occurrence.

Khafedatun rafe'ah (3).
Bringing down, raising up.

Iza rujjati alardru rajja (4).
When the earth will be shaken, a violent shaking.

Wa bussati aljebaluo bassa (5).
And the mountains will be crumbled, crumbling.

Fa-kant haba'an munbatha (6).
And become a scattered dust.

Wa kuntum azwajan thalathah (7).
And you will become three pairs.

Fa-ass-habuo almaiymanati ma ass-habuo almaiymanah (8).
Then the companions of the right, what are the companions of the right?.

Wa ass-habuo almash'amati ma ass-habuo almash'amah (9).
And the companions of the left, what are the companions of the left?.

Wa alsabequona alsabequon (10).
And the forerunners, the forerunners.

Aulaeka almuqarrabuon (11).
Those are the nearest ones.

Fee jannati alnaeem (12).
In Gardens of bliss.

Thullatun mena alawwaleen (13).
A company of the former people.

Wa qaleelun mena alakhereen (14).
And a few of the later people.

Ala sururin mawdunah (15).
On thrones, woven.

Muttake-ena alaiyha mutaqabeleen (16).
Reclining on them, facing each other.

Yatufu aliyhim weldanun mukhalladuon (17).
Immortal boys will circulate among them.

Be-akwabin wa abareeqa wa ka'sin men ma-een (18).
With vessels, and jugs and a cup from a flowing spring.

La youssaddauna anha wa la younzefuon (19).
Neither they will get headache therefrom nor they will get intoxicated.

Wa fakehatin memma yatakhaiyyaruon (20).
And a fruits of what they choose.

Wa lahmi taiyrin memma yashtahuon (21).
And the meat of birds of what they desire.

Wa Hurun Ain (22).
And Houris.

Ka-amthali al-lu'lu'e almaknuon (23).
The likenesses of pearls, well protected.

Jaza'an bema kanuo ya'maluon (24).
A reward for what they used to do.

La yasma'uona feeha laghwan wa la ta'theema (25).
Neither they will hear therein idle talk nor sinful speech.

Ella qeelan salaman salama (26).
Except saying, peace, peace.

Wa ass-habuo alyameeni ma ass-habuo alyameen (27).
And the companions of the right, what are the companions of the right?.

Fee sedrin makhduod (28).
Among lote-trees, thornless.

Wa talhin manduod (29).
And trees of tall, layered.

Wa zellin mamduod (30).
And a shade, extended.

Wa ma-in maskuob (31).
And a water, poured out.

Wa fakehatin katheerah (32).
And fruits, abundant.

La maqtu'atin wa la mamnu'ah (33).
Neither limited nor forbidden.

Wa furushin marfuo'ah (34).
And beds, raised high.

Inna ansha'nahunna insha'a (35).
Indeed, We have created them, creation.

Fa-ja'alnahunna abkara (36).
And We have made them virgins.

Auruban Atraba (37).
Aurub Atrab.

Le-ass-habi alyameen (38).
For the companions of the right.

Thullatun mena alawwaleen (39).
A company of the former people.

Wa thullatun mena alakhereen (40).
And a company of the later people.

Wa ass-habuo alshemali ma ass-habuo alshemal (41).
And the companions of the left, what are the companions of the left?.

Fee samumin wa hameem (42).
In scorching winds, and scalding water.

Wa zellin men yahmuom (43).
And a shade of black smoke.

La baredin wa la kareem (44).
Neither cool nor beneficial.

Innahum kanuo qabla zaleka mutrafeen (45).
Indeed, they were before that, indulging in luxury.

Wa kanuo yousserruna ala alhenthi alazeem (46).
And were persisting in the great sin.

Wa kanuo yaquluona a-iza metna wa kunna turaban wa ezaman a-inna la-mab'uthuon (47).
And they used to say, is it that when we die and become dust and bones, indeed, we will  be resurrected?.

Awa aba'una alawwaluon (48).
And also our former fathers.

Qul inna alawwaleena wa alakhereen (49).
Say, indeed, the former people and the later people.

La-majmu-uona ela meqati yawmin ma'luom (50).
Surely will be gathered for the time of a well-known day.

Thumma innakum ayyuha alddalluna almukazzebuon (51).
Then, indeed, you, o those astray, the deniers.

La-akeluona men shajarin men Zaqqum (52).
You will surely eat from the tree of Zaqquom.

Fa-maleuona menha albutuon (53).
And will fill the bellies with it. 

Fa-sharebuona alaiyhi mena alhameem (54).
And will drink from the scalding water over it.

Fa-sharebuona shurba alheem (55).
And will drink as the drinking of the thirsty camels.

Haza nuzuluhum yawma alddin (56).
This is their hospitality on the day of Judgment.

Nahnuo khalaqnakum fa-lawla tuossaddequon (57).
We have created you, so why do you deny the truth?.

Afara'ytum ma tuomnuon (58).
Do you see what you put from semen?.

A-antum takhlukunahuo am nahnuo alkhalequon (59).
Is it you who create it, or are We the Creators?.

Nahnuo qaddarna baiynakumuo almawta wa ma nahnuo be-masbuqeen (60).
We have decreed the death among you, and We are not to be outdone.

Ala an nubaddela amthalakum wa nunshe'akum fee ma la ta'lamuon (61).
In that We will replace your likenesses, and produce you in what you do not know.

Wa laqad alemtumuo alnasha'ata alaula fa-lawla tazakaruon (62).
And you certainly have known the first creation, so why do you not take lesson?.

A-fara'aytum ma tahruthuon (63).
And do you see what you sow?.

A-antum tazra-unahuo am nahnuo alzaree-uon (64).
Is it you who make it grow, or are We the Growers?. 
 
Laww nasha'uo la-ja'alnahuo hutaman fa-zaltum tafakkahuon (65).
If We will, we can certainly make it debris, then you would remain wondering.

Inna la-mughramuon (66).
Indeed, we have been punished.

Bal nahnuo mahrumuon (67).
But, we are deprived.

A-fara'aytumuo alma'a allazi tashrabuon (68).
And do you see the water that you drink?.

A-antum anzaltumuhuo mena almuzni am nahnuo almunzeluon (69).
Is it you who send it down from the clouds, or are We the ones who sends it down?.

Laww nasha'uo ja'alnahuo aujajan fa-lawla tashkuruon (70).
If We will, we can certainly make it too salty, so why are you do not offer gratitude?.

A-fara'aytumuo alnara allati turuon (71).
And do you see the fire that you ignite.

A-antum anhsa'tum shajarataha am nahnuo almunshe-uon (72).
Is it you who originated its tree, or are We the Originators.

Nahnuo ja'alnaha tazkeratan wa mata'an lel-muqween (73).
We have made it a reminder and a benefit for travelers.

Fa-sabbeh besmi Rabbika Alazeem (74).
So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.

Fa-la auqsemuo be-mawaqe'e alnujuom (75).
But nay, I swear by the locations of the stars.

Wa innahuo laqasamun laww ta'lamuona azeem (76).
And indeed, it is surely an oath, if you know, great.

Innahuo la-quranun kareem (77).
Indeed, it is a Noble Quran.

Fee ketabin maknuon (78).
In a book, well protected.

La yamassuhuo ella almutahharuon (79).
None touch it except the purified ones.

Tanzeelun men Rabbi alalameen (80).
A revelation from the Lord of the worlds.

A-fa-behaza alhadethi antum mud-henuon (81).
Is it this statement that you are the deniers of ?.

Wa taj'aluona rezqakum annakum tukazzebuon (82).
And you make your provision that you deny.

Fa-lawla iza balaghati alhulquom (83).
So if it reaches the throat.

Wa antum hena-izin tanzuruon (84).
And you are at that time, looking on.

Wa nahnuo aqrabuo alaiyhi menkum wa laken la tubseruon (85).
And We are nearer to him than you, but you do not see.

Fa-lawla in kuntum ghaira madeneen (86).
So if you are not to be recompensed.

Tarje-unaha in kuntum sadekeen (87).
Bring it back, if you are truthful.

Fa-amma in kana mena almuqarrabeen (88).
Then if he was of the nearest ones.

Fa-rawhun wa raiyhanun wa jannatu naeem (89).
Then rest and provision and garden of bliss.

Wa amma in kana men ass-habi alyameen (90).
And if he was of the companions of the right.

Fa-salamun  laka men ass-habi alyameen (91).
Then peace for you that you are of the companions of the right.

Wa amma in kana mena almukazzebeena alddaleen (92).
But if he was one of the deniers, the astray.

Fa-nuzulun men hameem (93).
Then hospitality of scalding water.

Wa tasliyatu jaheem (94).
And burning in the Hell.

Inna haza la-huwa haqquo alyaqeen (95).
Indeed, this is the true certainty.

Fa-sabbeh besmi Rabbika Alazeem (96).
So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.


Simplified interpretation: 



 Surat Alwaqi'ah deals with the intimidation from the day of resurrection, and it describes the characteristics of Paradise and its inhabitants who are the forerunners and the companions of the right, and the characteristics of Hellfire and its inhabitants who are the companions of the left. So when Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with Him) said: "O Messenger of Allah! You have become gray, He said: I have gone gray from Hud, Alwaqi'ah, Almursalaat, Amma yatasa'luon (Alnab'), and Iza alshamsuo kauwweratt (Altakwir).


 Allah says in the first six verses "When Alwaqi'ah occurs, there is no denial for its occurrence, bringing down, raising up, when the earth will be shaken, a violent shaking, and the mountains will be crumbled, crumbling, and become a scattered dust", where Alwaqi'ah is one of the names of the day of resurrection, and Allah describes what will happen on that day, and confirms that it will inevitably happen, and there is no denial for its occurrence, and it will bring down Allah's enemy in the Hellfire, and it will raise up the righteous to paradise, and Allah describes some of its scenes including that the earth will shake with a violent earthquake, and the mountains will crumble, disappear, and become like flying dust, and Allah describes many scenes of that day in many Surahs including Surat Altakwir, Surat Alinshiqaq, and Surat Alinfitar.


 And Allah will divide the people on the day of resurrection into three groups as mentioned in Ayat (7-10) "And you will become three pairs, then the companions of the right, what are the companions of the right?, and the companions of the left, what are the companions of the left?, and the forerunners, the forerunners", where the fate of two of them will be in Paradise (the forerunners, and the companions of the right), while the third one will be in Hellfire (the companions of the left), and Allah says what are the companions of the right?, and what are the companions of the left? to magnify what both parties will find with their Lord, whether it is a permanent bliss for the companions of the right or a severe punishment for the companions of the left.


 Then Allah describes the conditions of the forerunners in the next sixteen verses (11-26) "Those are the nearest ones, in Gardens of bliss, a company of the former people, and a few of the later people, on thrones, woven, reclining on them, facing each other, immortal boys will circulate among them, with vessels, and jugs and a cup from a flowing spring, neither they will get headache therefrom nor they will get intoxicated, And a fruits of what they choose, and the meat of birds of what they desire, and Houris, the likenesses of pearls, well protected, A reward for what they used to do, neither they will hear therein idle talk nor sinful speech, except saying, peace, peace", where the forerunners are the nearest ones whom Allah will bring close to Him on the day of resurrection when He admits them into Paradise, and they are the ones who preceded in faith and believed in Allah and His Messengers when their people disobeyed them, and the forerunners from Muhammad's Ummah are the Emigrants and the Ansar, where Allah says in Surat Altawbah Aya (100) "And the first forerunners in the faith among the Emigrants and the Ansar", and because the forerunners of Muhammad's Ummah are fewer in number than the forerunners of the previous nations if they are gathered, that is why Allah said "a company of the former people, and a few of the later people". 


 The forerunners will be on thrones woven very tightly, and they will facing each other and they do not see each other's back. And because they are blessed and full of pleasure, immortal children are at their service, who neither die nor age, and they will service them with vessels, jugs, and a cup of wine from a flowing spring, which is not like the wine of the worldly life because it carries all pleasure and does not cause a headache or intoxication. They also will find fruits of what they choose, and the meat of birds of what they desire, which is evidence of the abundance and plurality of blessings, likewise for them Houris (Hour Ain) who are so white, pure, and beautiful like well-protected pearls, and this bliss is a reward from Allah for the deeds they used to do in the worldly life, and for they obeyed Him. They will hear in Paradise neither falsehood, nor what leads them to sin, which leads to quarrels and hatred between them, so their greeting to each other "Peace, Peace" is an evidence of love and harmony between them.


 Then Allah describes the conditions of the companions of the right in the next fourteen verses (27-40) "And the companions of the right, what are the companions of the right?, among Lote-trees, thornless, and trees of tall, layered, and a shade, extended, and a water, poured out, and fruits, abundant, neither limited nor forbidden, and beds, raised high, indeed, We have created them, creation, and We have made them virgins, Aurub Atrab, for the companions of the right, a company of the former people, and a company of the later people", where Allah describes the bliss that He prepared for the companions of the right, and He says "What are the companions of the right?" to magnify the bliss that they will find. They will be among lote-trees whose thorns have been removed, and tress of tall with layers one upon the other like banana tree, and a shade which is long extended, and our Prophet (PBUH) has described that shade, and said in narration of Abu Hurayrah: "There is a tree in Paradise, a rider could travel in its shade for a hundred years, and if you wish, you can recite "And a shade, extended", and a place in Paradise equal to an arrow bow of one of you, is better than on which the sun rises and sets".


 And to complement the aesthetics picture that Allah has drawn for the bliss that they will find from trees and shades, Allah has made for them "Water, poured out" falling from waterfalls where our Prophet Muhammad said in narration of Ubadah Bin Alsamit that Alfirdaws is the highest level of Paradise and from it the four rivers of Paradise are made to flow forth, and abundant fruits that do not interrupt such as the interruption of winter fruits in summer and the interruption of summer fruits in winter, and there are for them beds that raised high. And while Allah has made the Houris (Hour Ain) for the forerunners, He has made Alurub Alatrab (Auruban Atraba) for the companions of the right, and He has created them in a new creation so that He made them virgins, sincere, amorous to their husbands, and equal in age.


 The companions of the right of Muhammad's Ummah will be more numerous than the forerunners who are "a few of the later people", where they will be a company of the former people and a company of the later people, that is, half of them are from Muhammad's Ummah, and the other half are from the previous nations, where Allah's Messenger said in narration of Anas Bin Malik: "amongst the Apostles I would have the largest following on the day of resurrection, and I would be the first to knock at the door of Paradise". And Our Prophet gave us the glad tidings of half of the companions of the right when Abdullah Bin Mas'ud said: "We about forty men were with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) in a camp when He said: Aren't you pleased that you should constitute one-fourth of the inhabitants of Paradise?, Abdullah said, we said yes, Allah's Messenger said again: Aren't you pleased that you should constitute one-third of the inhabitants of Paradise?, we said yes, then Allah's Messenger said: By Him in whose Hand is My life, I hope that you would constitute one-half of the inhabitants of Paradise, and the reason is that no one would be admitted into Paradise but a believer and you are no more among the people of polytheism than a white hair on the skin of a black ox or a black hair on the skin of a red ox".

 
 Then Allah describes the conditions of the companions of the left in the next sixteen verses (41-56) "And the companions of the left, what are the companions of the left?, in scorching winds, and scalding water, and a shade of black smoke, neither cool nor beneficial, indeed, they were before that, indulging in luxury, and were persisting in the great sin, and they used to say is it that when we die and become dust and bones, indeed, we will  be resurrected?, and also our former fathers, say, indeed, the former people and the later people, surely will be gathered for the time of a well-known day, then, indeed, you, o those astray, the deniers, you will surely eat from the tree of Zaqquom, and will fill the bellies with it, and will drink from the scalding water over it, and will drink as the drinking of the thirsty camels, this is their hospitality on the day of Judgment", where Allah describes the torment that He prepared for the companions of the left, and He says "What are the companions of the left?" to magnify the torment that they will find, as they are deprived of everything that is cold and from what relieve them from the Hellfire, that is, their air that blows on them is hot, their water is boiling, and their shades are black smoke that does not protect them from the flames, and Allah confirms this meaning in Surat Alnab' Ayat (24,25) where He says "They shall taste therein neither cool nor a drink, except boiling water and pus".


 They deserved that torment because they were indulging in luxury and affluence in the worldly life, they immersed themselves in its pleasures, they insisted on polytheism, they worshiped their idols besides Allah, they used to deny the resurrection and ruled out its occurrence, and they ruled out that Allah will revive them and their former fathers after they had turned into bones and dust, therefore, Allah commanded His Messenger to tell them that they all (the former and the later people) will be gathered on the day of resurrection which is a specific day and it will inevitably happen, then Allah confirms to those who strayed from guidance and denied the resurrection that they will eat from the tree of Zaqquom, and they will fill their bellies with it, and our Prophet (PBUH) said in narration of Ibn Abbas: "If a drop of Alzaqquom were to drip into the abode of world, it would spoil the livelihood of the people, so how about someone for whom it is his food", and they will drink boiling water over Alzaqquom like the thirsty camels that drink but do not satiate, and this will be their livelihood and hospitality that Allah has prepared for them on the day of Judgement.  


 Therefore, Allah gives four arguments to the deniers of the resurrection as a kind of sarcasm, which demonstrates His greatness and His power, and reflects their complete inability to create themselves, their food, their drink, and the fire they use. The first argument comes in Ayat (57-62) "We have created you, so why do you deny the truth?, Do you see what you have put from semen?, Is it you who create it, or are We the Creators?, We have decreed the death among you, and We are not to be outdone, in that We will replace your likenesses, and produce you in what you do not know, and you certainly have known the first creation, so why do you not take lesson?", where Allah assures them that the One who created them the first time is Able to bring them back on the day of resurrection even if they deny it as mentioned above, and Allah sarcastically asks them whether they are the ones who create from the semen that they put in the wombs of their women a perfect human being, or is Allah the Creator?, hence, Allah affirms that He has decreed death for man, and He is Able to replace them with others after their death, and to resurrect them in any form He wills, and no one will precede Him in that. Since they know the first creation that begins with a drop of semen, why they do not take lesson and believe that Allah is Capable of the second creation. 


 The second argument is the next five verses (63-67) "And do you see what you sow?, Is it you who make it grow, or are We the Growers?, If We will, we can certainly make it debris, then you would remain wondering, indeed, we have been punished, but, we are deprived", where Allah sarcastically asks them whether they are the ones who germinate the seeds that they put in the soil or is Allah the One who grows it as He wills?, all they have to do is start the planting by throwing the seeds, but they do not have the ability to grow and to reap it as they like, and because only Allah is Able to germinate the seeds, He also is Able to turn it into debris if He wills, and if He did, they would wonder why it has turned into debris that would not benefit them at all, and they will realize that they have been punished, and they have been deprived of the crops they has sown with their own hands.


 The third argument comes in Ayat (68-70) "And do you see the water that you drink?, Is it you who send it down from the clouds, or are We the ones who sends it down?, If We will, we can certainly make it too salty, so why are you do not offer gratitude?", that is, Allah sarcastically asks them whether they are the ones who sends down the water they drink from the clouds or Allah is the One who sends it down, and because Allah is the only One who is Able to send water down to the earth, He also is Able to make it too salt that does not benefit them for drinking or planting, so why they do not thank Him for the blessing of the fresh water that He has bestowed upon them. 


 The fourth argument is in the next four verses (71-74) "And do you see the fire that you ignite, Is it you who originated its tree, or are We the Originators?, We have made it a reminder and a benefit for travelers, So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great", where Allah sarcastically asks them whether they are the ones who produce the tree from which they kindle the fire or Allah is the One who produce it?. Allah has made the fire a reminder of the fire of the Hereafter, and Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said in narration of Abu Hurayrah: "your fire is one of seventy parts of the Hellfire", likewise, Allah has made the fire a benefit for the travelers across the desert, where they used to extract fire from the trees of Almarkh (Leptadenia) and Alafar (Buddleja), which grows in the desert, by rubbing two green branches from both trees together, so the sparks of fire would come out. And Allah has confirmed this in Aya (80) of Surat Yaseen "It is He who made for you from the green tree, fire, and then from it you ignite". These four arguments demonstrated the great power of Allah in His creation, and His Ability to resurrect them as He created them the first time, therefore, Allah commanded us immediately after these arguments to acknowledge His greatness and His power where He says "So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great".


 Then Allah says in the next six verses (75-80) "But nay, I swear by the locations of the stars, and indeed, it is surely an oath, if you know, great, indeed, it is a Noble Quran, in a book, well protected, none touch it except the purified ones, a revelation from the Lord of the worlds", that is, Allah swears by the locations of the stars, and He describes that oath as being great to demonstrate something as great as it, which is the Noble Quran that has been preserved in a book with Allah which is Allawh Almahfuoz as mentioned in Surat Alburuoj, and it is saved from change and alteration, and no harm such as dust or anything else touches it, only the purified Angels can touch it, and it is a revelation from Allah to His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH).


 And accordingly, Allah addresses those who deny that revelation in the next seven verses (81-87) "Is it this statement that you are the deniers of?, and you make your provision that you deny, so if it reaches the throat, and you are at that time, looking on, and We are nearer to him than you, but you do not see, so if you are not to be recompensed, bring it back, if you are truthful", that is, you are denying the Holy Quran, and instead of thanking Allah for the sustenance He has bestowed upon you, you are denying His provision where as narrated by Ibn Abbas "There as a downpour during the life of the Messenger of Allah, upon this Allah's Messenger observed: Some people entered the morning with gratitude and some with ingratitude, those who entered with gratitude said: This is the blessing of Allah, and those who entered with ingratitude said: Such and such asterism was right, it was upon this that the verse was revealed "But nay, I swear by the locations of the stars" to the verse "And you make your provision that you deny". So when the soul leaves the body at the time of death and reaches the throat, you see that but you do not possess anything for the dead besides Allah, and the Angels of death who extract his soul are closer to him than you are, but you do not see them. So if you think that you will not be resurrected and will not be recompensed, even though you see death in front of your eyes and you have nothing to do, so return the soul back to the body if you are truthful. 


 Then Allah describes the conditions of human beings on the day of resurrection and divides them into three categories which are the same three pairs that were mentioned at the beginning of this Surah, where Allah says in Ayat (88-96) "Then if he was of the nearest ones, then rest and provision and garden of bliss, and if he was of the companions of the right, then peace for you that you are of the companions of the right, but if he was one of the deniers, the astray, then hospitality of scalding water, and burning in the Hell, indeed, this is the true certainty, so glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great", where the first category are the nearest ones, who are the forerunners as mentioned above, and they will have comfort, provision, and the gardens of bliss. The second category are the companions of the right, and they will be saved from Allah's punishment and peace for them that they are of the companions of the right. The first and the second categories are the inhabitants of Paradise, while the third category are the inhabitants of Hellfire, who are the companions of the left, and their hospitality will be from boiling water and they will be burned in the Hellfire. Then Allah describes what He has said about the three pairs, and their recompense on the day of resurrection as the truth of certainty that does not accept doubt or denial, so that He commanded us to acknowledge His greatness and His power again in the last verse "So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great".   


No one Knows its interpretation except Allah


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ؤشىىخف لاث بقعسفe not be  among you,ahuotor?(59).own day.es, will we be resurrected?

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

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