112 - Surat  Al-ikhlas 

                               4 verses, Makki (revealed in Mecca)

A'auzu Bellahi mena ash-shytani ar-rajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Ar-rhmani Ar-rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Qul huwa Allahuo Ahad (1).
Say, He is Allah, who is One.

Allahuo Assamad (2).
Allah, The Eternal Refuge.

Lam yalid wa lam yoolad (3).
He neither begets, nor is born.

Wa lam yakun lahuo kufuwwan ahad (4).
Nor is there to Him any equivalent.

Simplified interpretation:

Surat Alikhlas is a decisive and definitive response from Allah to he who said that Allah has a son, and it equal to one third of the Holy Quran, and it was revealed when the pagans said to Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): Tell us about the ancestry of Your Lord, so Allah revealed to His Messenger "Say, He is Allah, who is One.........".

 It is not only an answer to the Question of the Pagans, but it is a clear Message to the Jews and the Christians where as mentioned in Surat Altawbah Aya (30) "The Jews say, Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say, The messiah (Juses) is the son of Allah, that is their statement from their mouths, they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved before them". So Allah said to them in the third verse "He neither begets, nor is born".

 And Our Prophet said in narration of Abu Hurayrah that Allah says in Alhadith Alqudsi "The son of Adam denied Me and he had not right to do so, and he reviled Me and he had no right to do so, as for his denying Me: it is his saying He will not remake me as He made me at first, and the initial creation of him is no easier for Me than remaking him. As for his reviling Me: it is his saying Allah has taking to Himself a son while I am the One, the Everlasting refuge, I begot not nor was I begotten, and there is none comparable to Me". And in another Hadith our Prophet said that "There is no one is more patient with something harmful that he hears than Allah, they attribute a son to Him, while it is He who gives them sustenance and cures them".

 Surat Alikhlas is equal to one third of the Holy Quran, where Our Prophet said in narration of Abu Said Alkhudari to His companions "is it difficult for any of you to recite one third of the Quran in one night?, this suggestion was difficult for them so they said: who among us has the power to do so, O Allah's Messenger?, then He said to them "Allah, The One, The Eternal Refuge" is equal to one third of the Quran". And when A man heard another man reciting Surat Alikhlas repeatedly, the morning he came to Allah's Messenger and informed Him about it as if he thought that it was not enough to recite, then Our prophet said to him "By Him in whose Hand my life is, this Surah is equal to one-third of the Quran". 

Allah commanded us to say that He is Allah, who is One, and He is the Everlasting refuge where all creatures belongs to Him and it will return to Him on the day of resurrection, and He neither begets, nor is born, where as He says in Surat Alan'am Aya (101) "He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth, how could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things?, and He is of all thing, Knowing". then Allah says in the last verse "Nor is there to Him any equivalent", where as He says in Surat Alshura Aya (11) ''There is nothing like unto Him, and He is The Hearing, The Seeing".

 And the virtue of Surat Alikhlas is shown when a person said to Our Prophet "I love this Surah", and He (PBUH) said to him it will cause him to enter paradise (Jannah) as a reward of his love, and whenever Our Prophet as mentioned in narration of Aisha went to bed every night, He used to cup His hands together and blow over it after reciting Surat Alikhlas, Surat Alfalaq, and Surat An-nas, and then rub His hands over whatever parts of His body He was able to rub, starting with His head, face, and front of His body, and He used to do that three times. 

No one Knows its interpretation except Allah




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