113 - Surat Alfalaq                     

                                      5 Verses - Makki (revealed in Mecca)                          

A'auzu Bellahi mena ash-shytani ar-rajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Ar-rhmani Ar-rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Qul a'auzu bi rabbi alfalq (1).
Say I seek refuge in lord of daybreak.

Min sharri ma khalaq (2).
From the evil of that which He created.

Wa min sharri ghasekin iza wakab (3).
And from the evil of darkness when it settles.

Wa min sharri annafathati fi elukad (4).
And from the evil of the blowers in knots.

Wa min sharri hasiden iza hasad (5).
And from the evil of an envier when he envies .

Simplified interpretation:

 Surat Alfalaq indicates that man is surrounded by many evils, among the most dangerous of these evils are magic and envy, therefore this Surah comes as a kind of man's protection against that evils. Surat Alfalaq and Surat Alnas are called Mu'awwazatain, and they were revealed in the same event, where when our prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him felt ill and sometimes felt confused whether or not He had done something, and He was informed that a Jew man had cast a black magic (spell) on him.

 There was an attendant Jewish boy of the Prophet Muhammad and the Jew talked him into getting for him strands of the Prophet's hair form His comb, and a few of its teeth having obtained these items, and the Jew tied eleven knots of His hair and thrown it into the well of Zarwan, where as narrated By Aisha" "A man called Labid Bin Ala'sam from the tribe of Bani Zuraiq made a magic on Allah's Messenger till Allah's Messenger started imagining that He had done a thing that He had not really done, one day or one night, He was with us, He invoked Allah and invoked for a long period, and then said: O Aisha! Do you know that Allah has instructed me concerning the matter I have asked Him about?, two men came to Me and one of them sat near My head and the other near My feet, one of them said to his companion "What is the disease of this man?", the other replied "He is under the effect of magic", the first one asked "Who has made the magic on Him?", the other replied ''Labid Bin Ala'asm", the first one asked ''What material did he use?", the other replied ''A comb and the hairs stuck to it and the skin of pollen of a male date palm", the first one asked "Where is that?", the other replied "In the well of Zarwan", so Allah's Messenger along with some of His companions went there and came back saying "O Aisha, the color of its water is like the infusion of Henna leaves, the tops of the date-palm trees near it are like the heads of the devils", I asked ''O Allah's Messenger ''Why did you not show it?, He said "Since Allah cured Me, I dislike to let evil spread among the people, then He ordered that the well be filled up with earth. 

 Surat Alfalaq and Surat An-nas are together comprising eleven verses, so our Prophet recited one verse at a time and untied one knot each time until all knots were untied, and then He was instantly cured and felt freed from the tension of the witchcraft. And this explains Aya (4): "and from the evil of the blowers in knots".

 Allah says in the first three verses "Say I seek refuge in lord of daybreak, from the evil of that which He created, and from the evil of darkness when it settles", where Allah commanded us to seek refuge in him, The Lord of dawn from the evil of all creatures, and from the evil of the darkness of the night.

 Then Allah says in the fourth verse "And from the evil of the blowers in knots", that is, Allah commanded us to seek refuge in Him from the witches who blows in knots to inflict physical and psychological harm to others, and this was shown above where Our Prophet Muhammad was bewitched by the Jew.

 The one who blows in knots uses devils to make magic, and Allah has linked disbelief with magic where He says in Surat Albaqarah Aya (102) "It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic" and Our Prophet (PBUH) said "Whoever came to a soothsayer or a sorcerer and believed in what he said, will have disbelieved in what Allah revealed to Muhammad".

 And Allah says in the last verse (5) "And from the evil of an envier when he envies", as envy like magic causes physical and psychological harm to others, and the envier wishes the bless to be removed from others, and he is not satisfied with what Allah has decreed for him, rather he wishes the blessing that Allah has bestowed upon others, and Allah says about this in Surat Alnisaa Aya (4) "Or do they envy people for what Allah has given them of His bounty?". And our Prophet has linked the love of goodness for others with faith and said in narration of Anas "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his brother what he likes for himself".

 In addition to Surat Alfalaq, there is Alruqyah to protect man from the evil eye which is what Gabriel recited upon Our Prophet, where Gabriel came to Our Prophet, and said to Him: Are You suffering from any ailment O Muhammad, The Prophet replied: yes, so Gabriel said: "In the name of Allah, I recite prayer (Ruqyah) over you, from every illness that harms you, from the evil of every envious person and evil eye, may Allah cure You, in the name of Allah, I recite Ruqyah over you,". "Besmi Ellahi arqeeq, men quli shay'in you'zeek, men sharri quli nafsen, aw aiyni haseden, Allahuo yashfeek, besmi Ellahi arqeeq".


No one Knows its interpretation except Allah


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