102- Surat Altakathur

8 Verses Meccan (revealed in Mecca)

A'auzu Bellahi mena ash-shytani ar-rajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Ar-rhmani Ar-rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Alhhakumuo altakathur (1).
The competition to increase distracting you.

Hatta dhurtumuo almaqaber (2).
Until you visit the graves.

Kalla sawwfa ta'lamoon (3).
Nay! you will know.

Thumma Kalla sawwfa ta'lamoon (4).
Then, nay! you will know.

Kalla lao ta'lamoona elma alyaqeen (5).
Nay! if you knew the knowledge of certainty. 

Latrawoonna aljaheem (6).
You will certainly see the hellfire.

Thumma latrawoonaha ayna alyaqeen (7).
Then, you will see it with the eye of certainty.

Thumma latusa'lunna yawma-ezen ani alnaeem (8).
Then, you will be asked that day about the blessings.

Simplified interpretation:

 Allah, Almighty warns us in this Surah not to be driven by the enjoyment of the worldly life which is the enjoyment of delusion, where the competition to increase diverts people from the true value of life, and they are vying to excel in amassing worldly benefits.  

 Allah says in the first verse "The competition to increase distracting you", and the competition to increase refers to increase of wealth and children, just as Allah has said in Surat Alhadid Aya (20): "know that the worldly life is but play, and amusement, and adornment, and boasting among yourselves, and a competition to increase in wealth and children, it is like a rain; its growth  pleases the tillers (farmers), then it withers, and you see it turning yellow, then it becomes debris, and in the hereafter there is a severe punishment, and forgiveness from Allah and pleasure, and the worldly life is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion".

 Allah said that the worldly life is the example of a plant that grows in the aftermath of rain, afterwards it dries and turned yellow, then it becomes straw. this example is the same as of the people who are distracted by mutual competition in amassing worldly benefits, specially by competition to increase in wealth and children, and they are away from seeking the hereafter till they die and reach the graves just as Allah has said in the second verse "Until you visit the graves", and Allah says "visit" because the grave is nothing but a transit where man stay till the day of resurrection, and then he will reach his main destination whether it is to Paradise or to Hellfire, so the grave is a transitional stage between the worldly life and the hereafter.

 Then Allah said in the third verse: nay! you will know, and He repeated it in the fourth verse, because if the Arabs wanted to be harsh in intimidation and threats, they will repeat the word twice, then Allah said that if they knew with the true knowledge, they would not diverted by rivalry for wealth and children away from seeking the hereafter.

 So Allah has made wealth and children a trial for man as just He has said in Surat At-taghabun Aya (15): "Your wealth and your children are but a trial, and Allah has with Him a great reward". They are a test from Allah for man, so for those who obey Him there will be a great reward in the day of resurrection, but as for those who disobey Him they will certainly see the hellfire as it was mentioned in the sixth verse. And they shall certainly see it with the eye of certainty Aya (7), where on the day of resurrection they shall be called to account for the favors that has been bestowed upon them.

 The blessings and the favors which Allah has bestowed upon you will turn into a curse if you do not fulfill the rights of Allah, and not to use these blessings in what pleases Allah, Almighty. The blessings and the favors that we shall be called to account for were mentioned in the authentic Hadith (Narration of Abu Hurayrah and Abu Said) where Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: "the servant will be brought on the day of judgement, and Allah will say to him: Did I not give you hearing, sight, wealth, children, and did I not make the cattle and tillage subservient to you, and did I not leave you as the head of people and a master?, Did you not think that you would have to meet with Me on this day of yours?, so he will say no, so Allah will say to him "today I shall forget you just as you have forgotten Me".   

 Allah will forget those whom took their religion as distraction and amusement and whom the worldly life has deluded them just as He has stated in Surat Ala'raaf aya (51). This means that they will be away from Allah's mercy, and the hellfire will be their punishment just as it has been mentioned in the current Surah. 


No one Knows its interpretation except Allah

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