110- Surat An-Nasr

3 Verses - Maddani (revealed in Madinah)

A'auzu Bellahi mena ash-shytani ar-rajim

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

Bismi Ellahi Ar-rhmani Ar-rahim

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Idha ja'a nasru Allahi wal-fat-h (1).
When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest.

Wa raaytaa annasa yadkhuluona fi deeni ellahi afwaja (2).
And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes.

Fa sabbih bi hamdi rabbika wa staghfirhu innahu kana taw-waba (3). 
Then glorify with the praise of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness, indeed, He is ever accepting of repentance.

Simplified interpretation:

   When Ibn Abbas asked Ubaidullah Bin Abdullah Bin Utba: Are you aware of the last Surah which as revealed in the Quran as a whole Surah?, Ubaidullah answered yes: "When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest". Thereupon Ibn Abbas said: you have told the truth.

   Thus, according to this narration which was mentioned in Sahih Muslim, Surat An-Nasr is the last Surah which as revealed in the Quran as a whole Surah, but there are many narrations proves that a separated verses were revealed after Surat An-Nasr.

    Allah Almighty, is speaking to His Messenger in particular way in this Surah, and says to Him if the Help of your Lord and the victory over the Meccan people has come, and most commentators retain this verse in its original sense except Ibn Abbas who gone beyond it's original sense which concerning "the victory over the Meccans" and said that this Surah was an information about the end of the life of our Prophet Muhammad peace be upon Him.And indeed, He died during that year.

    The entry of the people into the religion of Allah has been associated with the victory over Meccans because other regions said if Muhammad is a true Prophet, He must defeat the Meccans (His people) after they expelled Him from Mecca.

    Indeed, after the victory over Mecca, what Allah told us about happened, and the Arab tribes began to enter into the religion of Allah in multitudes. 

   Our Prophet was commanded to glorify with the praise of His Lord, and ask His forgiveness, and Abu Huraira said that he heard Allah's Messenger saying: by Allah! I ask forgiveness from Allah and turn to Him in repentance more than seventy times a day". 

   And He (PBUH) used to often say towards the end of his life: ''subhana allahi wa behamdihi, astaghferu Allaha wa atuobu ilaih", Glory to Allah, and praise be unto Him, I seek Allah's forgiveness, and I repent to Him (Ibn Katheer mentioned this narration from Aisha). 

No one Knows its interpretation except Allah


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